For many people water is very precious. Many households pay for it even though they are still restricted in its usage. It’s therefore necessary to conserve the limited supply of water we get especially in the maintenance of our gardens using the various irrigation systems.

Familiarize Yourself with the Design and Space Available

You should get to know the micro-climate of your garden i.e. where there is sunlight, heat and cold exposure together with wind. Know the type of soil you have, slopes and their drainage and moisture sources if any.

Before planting you should determine your soil texture whether sandy, loamy or clay as this would greatly determine the drainage of the soil. Loam soils will always provide the best water retention and aeration. Check your soil ph. and try to adjust if it’s on the extreme by addition of lime or even sulfur as this will improve the structure of the soil and water retention.

Appropriate Planting

You should select plants that do not need a lot of water and match with your climate. Try and group those with same microclimate needs in the same area for ease of irrigation.

Efficent Irrigation

Watering should be done adequately but only when necessary and ensure that you adjust your irrigation schedule after some time to reflect the seasonal climatic changes. The irrigation systems should be efficient like the drip or soaker hoses irrigation systems. Sprinklers are best for turf and ensure the watering goes dip for deeper root growth. Watering should be done in the cooler hours of the morning and evening.

Regular checkups are encouraged in case of leaks and malfunction.


Activities that result to heavy water consumption like heavy pruning, overuse of fertilizers should be reduced. Lawns should be mowed during warm weather as this reduces the overall growth rate.


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